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Here is an informative ABC News segment on sunscreen labels and how they may not accurately describe the information you need as a consumer. See my related blog:
Here’s information from our companion website, patientresource.net, about treatment options for skin cancer:
The treatment of skin cancers depends on whether the lesion is a nonmelanoma or a melanoma. Several treatment options are available for nonmelanomas, and the choice depends on many factors, such as the location and characteristics of the tumor (size, depth, and location); the individual’s age, general health condition, and personal preference; and the potential cosmetic result.
Generally, this can be accomplished by excision of the skin cancer with a small margin of the surrounding skin. The surgeon and the pathologist will generally verify that the skin cancer is generally removed with a “quick stain” during the operative procedure. If there is still residual tumor, then more skin must be excised. For melanomas, surgical treatment involves a wider excision of skin surrounding the melanoma in an amount that varies according to tumor thickness. The goals are to remove all cancerous tissue and to minimize the likelihood that the cancer will recur (grow back). Surgical excision is usually the preferred treatment for both types of skin cancer.
In addition to surgical excision of a melanoma, dissection (removal) of lymph nodes that contain cancer cells may also necessary. Surgery is the most effective treatment in this circumstance. If a melanoma is thick or has spread to one or more lymph nodes, the physician may recommend adjuvant therapy after the surgery, which is treatment given after the primary treatment.
The goal of adjuvant therapy is to kill cancer cells that are not yet detectable, and this treatment increases the likelihood that the melanoma will not recur. Adjuvant therapy may include biological therapy (also called immunotherapy) or radiation therapy or both. At present, there is no documented benefit of chemotherapy after surgery. When melanoma is metastatic at the time it is diagnosed, a combination of surgery and radiation therapy may be recommended to eliminate the primary melanoma as well as control the metastatic disease.